California Almonds-All about them!

California Badam: All about them!

What are California Almonds?

California is the world’s largest producer of almonds. California Almond is the most widely used and affordable almond type, it is mainly grown in the United States and is exported all over the world. It accounts for 80 % of almonds produced worldwide and 100 % of the United States commercial supply. In 2019, California almonds worth $ 4.9 billion were exported to foreign countries like European Union, China, and India. They are known for their large size and smooth texture. California almonds are chemically processed and then heated to extreme temperatures to increase their sweetness. The oil content of California badam is less than Mamra Almonds due to high heat processing since these almonds are processed and mass-produced so they are less costly.

Nutritional Value of California Badam per 100 g:

Energy579 kcal
Carbohydrates21.6g
Fat49.9g
Protein21.2g
Fiber14.3g
Sugar3.6g

Almond Seasons:

Usually, the almonds bloom from mid-February through March, bees are very important for these trees as they are not self-pollinating. The two different varieties of almonds are planted in alternating rows so that the trees produce two varieties. These almonds mature in a shell that is surrounded by a fleshy part called a hull. These nuts mature over the summer and the hull dries revealing a shell that encloses the nut before harvesting the nuts dry naturally in the shell. California Almonds are harvested with the help of mechanical tree shakers between mid-August and October. After that the nuts are gathered for processing, cleaned and grading occurs. Finally, they are exported to nearly 90 countries.

Almond Board of California:

It was established by the U.S. Congress in 1950 to supervise a grower-enacted Federal Marketing Order under the charge of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The main aim of the Amond board is to broaden the spectrum of California Almonds through new research, industry support, and market development. Its motto is to expand the international and domestic distribution and consumption of almonds to benefit the entire industry. Their main activities include food quality and safety initiatives, nutrition, production & environmental research, and monitoring trade and market access issues. They don’t establish item prices.

California Almonds

California Almonds Handling tips:

California Almonds have a high oil content and less moisture but a long shelf life when handled with care. The factors that are responsible for almond shelf life and quality include the characteristics of the product, the environment during storage and distribution, and the packaging. If the California Almonds are stored at optimum temperature, their quality can be preserved. Usually, they are stored under dry conditions in bins or bulk containers. Chemical processing also affects the shelf life of almonds. It is better to avoid exposure to direct sunlight as it can darken the surface of the nut.

Varieties & Sizes:

More than 50 almond types are produced in California and 95 % of production includes only 12 types. Broadly almond types are divided according to some unique characteristics like size, shape, and ‘’blanchability’’.Most of the almond production in California is classified into three major classifications: 

  • Nonpareil: Their skin is removed readily (blanched), sliced, and cut for processing. Blemish-free processing is done due to their thin outer shell and smooth kernel. They are used widely among the marketing categories.
  • California: This category includes those types which are mainly used in manufactured products. They are well suited for all the processes or applications due to a wide range of shell hardness, different kernel shapes, the color of skin, and surface characteristics.
  • Mission: This type has small and wide kernels with hard shells. Their skin is wrinkled and darker than Nonpareil. In this type, blanching is not done usually. 

Some almond types fall under more than one classification because they have features of more than one type. All the types of California Almonds are developed using traditional breeding methods, the varieties that are genetically modified are not planted in California.

Inshell almonds are further divided into two types:

  • Hard shell
  • Soft shell

Inshell-Hard Shell: This type is characterized by a closed shell with a hard outer ‘cork’ that protects the kernel against contamination & worm damage. The inshell-hard shell market has a limited volume in relation to other marketing outlets.

Inshell-Soft Shell: This type is preferred in the market with greater suture openings to allow seasonings to permeate the shell.

Texture/Crunch of California badam:

They have a crunchier taste that is maintained across many applications. Sweets, fruits, and creamy dairy products all benefit from the added satisfying crunchiness of almonds.

Consumer Popularity:

California almonds are extremely popular all over the world. The addition of almonds increases the nutrient profile of foods thus it offers a marketing advantage for health-conscious consumers. They are also popular in products that provide a good alternative for some dietary concerns like 

  • Gluten-free 
  • Lactose-free

Conclusion:

California almonds are the most consumed and popular almonds all over the world because they deliver a massive amount of nutrients, are loaded with antioxidants, are high in vitamin E, control blood sugar, lower cholesterol levels, effective for weight loss. Kashmir Basket brings to you 100% original California Almonds so grab your powerhouse of nutrients quickly!

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